Periodontist is a specialized dentist that addresses the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease, the surgical placement of dental implants, the regeneration of osseous or gum deficiencies and the management of peri-implantitis. The periodontists receive highly specialized 3-year long post-graduate training following the completion of their basic dental studies to be able to address complex cases requiring a high level of expertise.
Periodontists manage complex gum problems. They offer a wide range of therapies, such as non surgical and surgical treatment of periodontal disease. Periodontists treat patients with gingival recessions employing plastic surgical techniques and perform a series of techniques for regeneration of bone around teeth or the placement of dental implants. In addition, periodontists are specifically trained in the placement and maintenance of dental implants and the management of complications associated with dental implants.
During your first visit, the periodontist examines the medical and dental history of each patient. It is extremely valuable for the periodontist to know what medication each patient receives, as this information may affect the periodontal care the patient can receive. Furthermore, the periodontist examines the gums, investigates for the presence of periodontal disease, inflammation, gingival recession, tooth mobility and assesses the oral hygiene. Supplementary radiographs may be obtained to assess the bone levels beneath the gums.
The periodontal needs of some patients can be managed by their general dentist. However, as more and more patients are having signs of moderate or severe periodontal disease or more complex conditions, periodontal treatment may necessitate an increased level of expertise by a trained periodontist. A team approach will help your general dentist and periodontist collaborate to tailor a treatment plan that works best for you.
The less severe form of periodontal disease is called gingivitis. Gingivitis is caused by poor oral hygiene and is characterized by red and swollen gums that bleed.
The more severe form of periodontal disease is called periodontitis. Periodontitis can develop if gingivitis is not managed in a timely manner, when there is genetic predisposition or poor oral hygiene. The gums separate from the teeth, causing the formation of periodontal pockets that become enriched with bacteria. As periodontitis progresses, more bacteria accumulate and the periodontal pockets deepen causing bone loss around the teeth. If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to tooth loss.
The use of tobacco is associated with several serious systematic conditions, including cancer and cardiovascular disease among others. Smokers present an increased risk for developing periodontal disease. Studies have shown that the use of tobacco can be one of the most important factors leading to the development and progression of periodontal disease. In addition, smokers present an increased risk for tooth loss.
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