Periodontology is a specialty of Dentistry that exclusively deals with the gums and the tooth-supporting bone. Periodontal disease (also known as gum disease) is a chronic inflammatory condition when bacteria accumulate below the gum line. The periodontal disease starts as gingivitis with chief characteristic the bleeding upon brushing.

Contact us if you develop symptoms of gingivitis, as the gum problems are more effectively managed when detected early. With time and lack of professional care, the inflammatory reaction to bacteria can cause erosion of the gums and develop into periodontitis that is far more destructive. Periodontitis can affect the soft and hard tissues around the teeth and lead to their shrinkage. This situation can result to tooth loss, if not managed in a timely manner. Through treatments, such as the periodontal treatment, we can help you reduce the gingival inflammation.


Periodontal disease is rarely accompanied by pain and signs and symptoms may develop later in the course of the disease. The signs and symptoms of periodontal disease are:

  • Red, swollen, tender gums
  • Bleeding upon brushing, flossing or during eating
  • Receding gums that result in open spaces between the teeth and exposure of teeth roots
  • Mobility of the teeth
  • Oral wounds
  • Persistent malodor
  • Drifting of teeth


The main risk factors for periodontitis are the following:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Smoking
  • Poor periodontal or dental care
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Anxiety
  • Poorly controlled diabetes
  • Other systemic conditions